Liver Disease in Cats
liver Disease in cats

Liver Disease in Cats

Several factors cause liver disease in cats. Some of the common causes of liver diseases in cats include toxins, excess exposure to heat, harmful drugs with side effects, and poor flow of fluids and metabolic disorder of proteins. The liver is an important organ in the body which plays a great role in the body where it detoxifies chemicals in the body. Blood from the digestive system passes through the liver where it undergoes purification. It is an important organ which can lead to health complications in cats when it fails to work normally. You will notice several; sings of distress in your cat if the liver is not working correctly. There are certain conditions which expose the cat to high risk of liver failure. For example, obesity and the diet of your cat can contribute. Age is also other factors which can contribute to cat liver disease.

What causes liver damage in cats?

A chain of several factors causes liver damage in cats. First, infectious agents and toxins will reach the liver. They will interfere with the normal working of the liver. They can lead to blockage of fluid flow to the liver, among other issues. When the liver and the surrounding tissues do not receive enough fluid supply, they tend to malfunction. Excess exposure to heat can as well lead to liver failure. There are cases where the body can fail to produce enough liver enzymes. When the surrounding tissues and other processes are impaired, they can lead to impaired function of the liver, which can finally lead to complete organ failure. Acute liver failure can occur when there are extensive metabolic disorders in protein synthesis.

What causes elevated liver enzymes in cats?

There are several causes of elevated liver enzymes in cats. The liver uses enzymes to synthesis protein and other processes. Excessive accumulation of fat within the liver can lead to high levels of enzymes in the liver. Inflammation of the bile ducts can prevent the enzymes from leaving the liver to the intestines where they are required for digestion. When the enzymes are blocked from leaving the liver, they will end up accumulating in the liver. High levels of the bile and other enzymes in the liver can lead to failure of the liver. The inflammation can lead to severe effects where it can end up affecting the functioning of the liver.

What are the signs of liver failure in cats?

There are several signs you can see to know your cat is in trouble. Here are some of the signs you need to check out so that you can know whether your cat is developing liver diseases:

Loss of appetite

The liver plays a role in the process of metabolism. When the liver is not working well, your cat will lose appetite and stop easting. It will lead to weight loss in your cat. You may have noted your cat is not happy and it is not eating. You need to see a vet who can carry out more tests to ascertain the main issue with your cat. If the problem is liver diseases, you can get help.

Vomiting and excessive diarrhoea

After you notice the cat is not eating, you may try several other ways to make it easy. It will finally eat, but you will see it vomiting. The liver problem will interfere with the digestion system. It will lead to cases of diarrhoea and vomiting. Your cat will lose weight fast due to the lack of food in the body system. You need to see a vet who can prescribe anti-vomiting medication. There are also several other forms of veterinary medicine in the market which can help in controlling the cat diarrhoea.

Weight loss and muscle waste

When the cat is not eating, and it is vomiting, the body will start utilising the stored body fats for energy. Your cat will lose weight fast at this stage. You need to do something, or you will end up losing your cat. Cat liver disease can be treated; you need to see a veterinary early so that he can take necessary measures and help the cat regain its weight.

Excessive thirst

Your cat may start drinking a lot of water than it used to. If you have seen significant weight loss and the cat starts to drink a lot of water, then you need to be careful. The high level of thirst may indicate an onset of liver disease. It is necessary to take the necessary measures and get the right medication for your cat. The liver complications lead to interruption of the normal working of the cat digestive system. It will make the cat feel thirsty due to dehydration.

Excess drooling

The onset of nausea will make the cat start drooling. You need to look for vet help if your cat feels drowsy. It is among the signs of cat liver disease, which can become worse if not checked early. You should not give up; it is possible to get quick help for your cat if you can seek medical help. There are several medications out there you can get, and it will work perfectly in helping your cat recover from the liver disease. The cat will tend to sleep more than normal.

How Long Can cats live with liver disease?

Cats can live a normal life after recovering from liver disease. If you can diagnose and treat your cat early before organ failure, then your cat will recover within 6 to 12 weeks after which it will live a normal life. Liver disease can be fatal if not treated. There are several treatment options which your vet will recommend, and they will work perfectly in helping you manage the disease. You should not worry, after treatment, the cat will recover and start eating on its own after which it will enjoy a normal life. Several cats have been affected by the cat daises, but it has been managed to make it easy for them to enjoy a good life. It is rare for liver disease to recover in your cat. After successful management, you can enjoy having a healthy dog which will play with your family members.

Is the liver disease in cats painful?

Yes, the liver disease will make your cat unwell. Certain functions will not work in your cat. For instance, the cat will not be able to eat. In the treatment process, vets may have to use tubes. The experience is not good for your cat. In severe cases, liver disease can be associated with inflammation. When internal organs near the liver are inflamed, they will tend to cause a lot of pain to your cat. Some of the changes which can occur in your cat involve fever, jaundice, blood clotting problems, abdominal swelling, theirs and changes in liver size. The abnormal changes caused by liver disease will make your cat uncomfortable. They can be painful but the vet known the right medication they can administer to your cat as a way of managing the condition.

How do I know if my cat is suffering?


It is a condition associated with yellowing of gums and whitening of eyes and the skin. If you notice your cat has developed jaundice, then you need to look for a way you can help before the condition is worse. The liver controls several functions in the body of your cat. When the liver is not working well, it will lead to jaundice.

Changes in behaviour

There is a certain way your cat behaves. If you will notice a certain change in behaviour. Then the cat has developed complications. For instance, you may see your cat sleeping for long hours which is not normal. Other changes in behaviour are where it will not be excited even after family members try to play with it. Take necessary measures and check whether the cat has developed liver disease. It is common for cats with liver diseases to develop health complication.

Lack of energy

The disease can make your cat lack energy. Normally, cats are energetic animals which will play around and even hunt rats. If your cat appears to lack energy, then you should assess the issue further. It may have been affected by an illness which you can treat if you can seek vet advice early.


Cats can end up developing depression if they are exposed to diseases. Take time to have a look at your cat and note the behaviour. A stressed cat will not respond to your regular moves. It will appear tried all the time. Ensure you check out the health of your cat. Quick intervention is necessary because it will play a great role in helping you get quick help for your cat. Remember, when you get quick intervention, you increase the chances of helping the cat recover fast.

How can I help my cat with liver disease?

There are several treatments for a cat with liver disease. You need to choose one of the most effective methods to treat your cat. The treatment options available for your cat with liver disease are effective. You can apply them, and they will work perfectly to help you treat your cat. It is necessary to get advice from your vet. They are in the best position of diagnosing and advising you on the best treatment options. Here are some of the treatment options you can sue:

Fluid Therapy

The liver disease leads to disturbance in your cat electrolyte balance and the fluid levels. You need to hydrate your dog so that you can avoid cases where the cat will suffer from the effects of dehydration. The vets will administer intravenous dextrose to help in correcting the electrolyte imbalance. It is also an effective solution which can play a significant role in helping your cat avoid the effects of low blood sugar.

Feeding Tube 

Your cat will be unable to eat on its own after it has been affected by liver disease. To prevent the cat from dying due to lack of calorie, the vet will insert a feeding tube through the nose. A small incision can be as well made to help your cat get the necessary nutrients. The tube makes it easy for necessary ingredients such as vitamin K and E to be delivered directly to your cat intestine. The procedure is necessary to equip the cat with necessary nutrients it requires to regain energy after the health complication.


Your cat can get exposed to several medical complications due to liver diseases. You can call your vet, who will administer a wide range of medications. Common medications he can administer the antioxidants, which can accelerate the rate of liver healing. Use of hepatoproctetants paly a great role in preventing additional damage to the liver. Antiemetics help in the prevention of vomiting and nausea. There is a wide range of medications which can be offered, such as Diuretics and Mannitol. Your veterinary will be in the best position of advising you on the best treatment options you can try.

What can I feed a cat with liver problems?

A cat with liver complications will experience several complications if you feed it on a certain diet. Here are some of the tips you need to apply so that you can choose the right diet for your cat with liver complications:

High-quality protein

You need to change your cat diet gradually so that you can avoid further complications related to the liver. The cat will have problems synthesising the proteins, ensure you feed it on high-quality proteins which will get absorbed into the body fast. Some cat food manufacturers will indicate the right diet for cats with certain liver complications. You need to stick to such diets if you would like to improve your cat health.

Reduced sodium diet

You need to help your cat deal with the problem of fluid retention. A diet high in sodium will lead to more fluid retention, which can be a problem with a cat suffering from liver diseases. The diet should be low on sodium so that you can make the dog enjoy good health.

High-quality carbs

Your cat should access high-quality carbs so that it can develop the energy lost during sickness. You can feed it on cooked rice, corn and wheat. Cats do not eat a lot of carb in the wild; you will have to introduce it to the low carb diet as a way of making it easy for it to recover the energy lost fast.

Foods rich in antioxidants

Disease in cats produces a lot of toxins in the cat body. You need to feed it on foods which can help it get rid of the toxins. There are some cat foods in the market which are high in antioxidants such as vitamin c and vitamin e; you need to feed the cat on such foods so that it can improve its ability to fight off toxins.

Wet cat foods

Dry cat foods will be hard for the cat to swallow. Its appetite may below. You can introduce wet food and see how the cat responds. If it has difficulty eating, you can as well spoon-feed it. It is necessary to avoid all dry foods because they will be hard for the cat to chew, considering it has just recovered.

Dairy foods

You could replace meat proteins with dairy if the cat was suffering from hepatic encephalopathy. You can as well introduce scrammed eggs. Try to introduce enough proteins so that the liver and other affected organs can recover.

You should not worry too much if your cat has been affected by liver diseases, you only have to put it under the right medication, and the cat will recover fast to join the fun in your family. Cat liver diseases are common but can be managed to let your cat enjoy normal life thereafter. There are factors which increase the risk. For instance, obesity in cats can contribute. You need to ensure your cat sticks to the right diet, and you will easily avoid the health complications in your cat.

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